You may well have seen a film, TV series or read a book where humans have developed technology that learns to think for itself and then turns on its maker.
So how close is this to becoming a reality? And what does it have to do with recruitment?
Over the last 12 months, here at CK, we have noticed the increase in the number of job vacancies that include the use of new technologies and techniques such as Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI).
So what is machine learning?
Machine learning is a type of AI that can teach a software program to predict outcomes without having to be programmed. In a basic sense, you have to create an algorithm that receives data and then use statistical analysis to predict the outcome within a certain range.
In layman’s terms, Machine Learning tells a computer program “HOW TO LEARN” to solve a problem, rather than the traditional method of “HOW” to solve a problem.
Where can you study/learn about Machine Learning?
Computer science degrees often now include modules specifically covering areas such as machine learning, AI, speech & natural language processing, neural computing, and cognitive modelling.
Machine Learning is closely related to computational statistics and mathematics and as such the skills required are very similar – such as the use of scripting languages such as Python, Java, R.
In the UK the top Universities for machine learning and AI include:
- University of Cambridge
- University of Oxford
- University College London (UCL)
- University of Southampton
- Imperial College London
What are the commercial uses of Machine Learning?
As the amount of data stored and the relative computer processing power have increased, this has led to the increase in Machine Learning.
In the Life Sciences sector, Machine Learning is being used in a variety of different applications to bring about advances in areas such as clinical trials research, drug discovery, personalised medicine, Bioinformatics, Chemoinformatics, Computational Anatomy, DNA sequencing, and Medical Diagnosis.
What companies are using and recruiting for Machine Learning specialists?
Any company that processes and stores masses of data will be thinking about the application of Machine Learning to help deal with the data and make the most of it. At the forefront are companies such as Google’s Deepmind, IBM Watson, and social media giants such as Facebook and Pinterest.
However, within the STEM sector, the number of companies looking at the use of Machine Learning is growing and includes the likes of big pharma clients, medical device companies and data science/technology focussed start-ups.
Want to get into Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence?
To start with you need to learn and be proficient in a scripting/coding language such as Python, R or Java. If you don’t already have the knowledge and experience, you will also need to learn about statistics and maths in order to create and build the machine learning algorithms.
Other relevant technology areas and skills include big data, analytics, data science, SQL, C++, apache spark, Amazon AWS, Hadoop, and Tensorflow.
The average UK permanent salary for Machine Learning specialists is £60,000, with interim roles paying in excess of £500 per day.
The number of positions that require Machine Learning has roughly doubled from 2016 to 2017 and this trend is forecast to continue through 2018.
For further information or to discuss the points or job types mentioned in more detail, please contact Steve Lord.
T: 01246 457 738
Source: www.itjobswatch.co.uk 27/11/2017
Author: Steve Lord